Phillis Wheatley Essay

Wheatley'sВ LiteraryВ AdvanceВ

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The famous poet,  Phillis Wheatley,  uses many different figures of speech within her poem,  " To His Excellency,  General Washington. ” She believed that the Americans were fighting a just cause and that she should support the patriots even if it meant giving up her freedom.   She sent praise to General Washington encouraging him to go to war and her use of literary devices may have been what persuaded him to lead the fight for his nation's freedom.  Her use of personification,  symbolism,  metonymy,  metaphor,  and charged words amplify her purpose to write the poem,  which is to praise General George Washington and set forth America as a strong,  resilient nation.  Wheatley uses the personification of nature and biblical sources to create an aura of heavenly guidance in favor of America.  This helped emphasize the fact that America had God on their side and that Britain should retreat quickly due to America refluent desire for independence. ​

" Freedom's cause"  is the central theme of the poem,  including the struggle of the colonists to be free from England,  even if it meant going to war against the more powerful British​

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TheВ authorВ usesВ personificationВ toВ conveyВ herВ messageВ throughoutВ theВ poem, В thatВ messageВ beingВ thatВ AmericaВ shouldВ beВ fearedВ andВ thatВ WashingtonВ isВ aВ magnificentВ generalВ whoВ willВ protectВ andВ emancipateВ theВ coloniesВ fromВ Britain. В ForВ example, В inВ paragraphВ one, В WheatleyВ statesВ thatВ " nationsВ gazeВ atВ scenesВ beforeВ unknown! ” TheВ phraseВ " nationsВ gaze” isВ aВ formВ ofВ personificationВ whichВ refersВ toВ theВ nationsВ watchingВ theВ warВ unfoldВ beforeВ them. TheВ worldВ hopesВ toВ seeВ AmericaВ beВ theВ victor. В ThisВ statementВ wouldВ alsoВ beВ aВ formВ ofВ metonymy, В byВ replacingВ theВ reservedВ peopleВ withВ nations. В InВ linesВ 1В­4, В WheatleyВ introducesВ Columbia, В theВ goddessВ ofВ libertyВ­В aВ personificationВ ofВ America. В InВ linesВ 29В­34, В WheatleyВ citesВ theВ FrenchВ andВ IndianВ WarВ asВ proofВ

ofВ whatВ Columbia'sВ furyВ canВ doВ asВ aВ warningВ toВ theВ British. В WheatleyВ alsoВ referencesВ Britannia, В whichВ isВ GreatВ BritainВ personifiedВ asВ aВ goddess. В В AnotherВ exampleВ ofВ personificationВ wouldВ beВ whenВ WheatleyВ states, В " AstonishedВ oceanВ feels, В theВ wildВ uproar, В theВ refluentВ surgesВ beatВ theВ soundingВ shore. ” TheВ personificationВ ofВ theВ oceanВ beingВ ableВ toВ feelВ andВ creatingВ anВ uproarВ isВ supposeВ toВ expressВ theВ feelingsВ ofВ theВ impatientВ colonistsВ waitingВ inВ anticipationВ forВ theirВ freedom. В Wheatley'sВ useВ ofВ specificВ chargedВ wordsВ amplifiesВ theВ desireВ ofВ freedomВ theВ colonistsВ wereВ pursuing. В Also, В toВ persuadeВ WashingtonВ toВ fight, В WheatleyВ comparesВ theВ strengthВ ofВ theВ AmericanВ armyВ toВ " whenВ EolusВ heaven'sВ fairВ faceВ deforms, ”  basicallyВ sayingВ thatВ America'sВ armyВ wasВ asВ strongВ asВ God. В В

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WheatleyВ alsoВ usesВ symbolismВ toВ helpВ visuallyВ describeВ AmericaВ asВ beingВ aВ " heavenВ­defendedВ race. ” WhenВ sheВ states, В " TheВ goddessВ comes, В sheВ movesВ divinelyВ fair. В OliveВ andВ laurelВ bindsВ herВ goldenВ hair. В WhereverВ shinesВ thisВ nativeВ ofВ theВ skies, В unnumberedВ charmsВ andВ recentВ gracesВ arise, ” WheatleyВ isВ symbolizingВ theВ goddessВ asВ America, В " binded” byВ peaceВ andВ victory. В WhereverВ andВ whateverВ happensВ withВ america, В theyВ areВ protectedВ byВ God. В WheatleyВ usesВ biblicalВ andВ mythologicalВ referencesВ toВ connectВ America'sВ resilienceВ toВ theВ wordВ ofВ God. В ThisВ isВ helpfulВ towardsВ herВ purposeВ behindВ theВ essayВ becauseВ itВ reinforcesВ herВ opinionВ thatВ AmericaВ isВ protectedВ byВ God. В SheВ saysВ inВ lineВ thirtyВ ofВ " ToВ HisВ ExcellencyВ GeneralВ Washington” that, В " WhenВ GallicВ powersВ Columbia'sВ furyВ found, ” whichВ refersВ toВ theВ AmericanВ victoryВ overВ theВ FrenchВ inВ theВ FrenchВ andВ IndianВ WarВ asВ aВ threatВ toВ BritainВ thatВ ifВ theyВ resistВ theyВ willВ haveВ theВ sameВ fate. В В

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WheatleyВ alsoВ writesВ thisВ poem ​ inВ heroicВ couplet, В whereВ rhymingВ isВ madeВ withinВ twoВ lines, В asВ inВ theВ lastВ wordsВ ofВ theВ secondВ stanzaВ lines: В " fair” andВ " hair, ” " skies” andВ " go up. ” AsВ wellВ...