28.08.2019
 Microbiology intended for Allied Overall health Essay

BIO 162

Microbiology for Allied Health

Deb. Page Baluch

Microbiology

A large number of technical terms, brands of cell structures happen to be

formed by Latin or perhaps Greek roots

micro - very small; bio – your life; ology – study

study of very small living microorganisms that cannot be

seen with unaided eye

Microorganisms or perhaps microbes

They can be virtually just about everywhere - ubiquitous

Types of Microorganisms

Bacteria

Fungus

Candida & conforms

Bacillus

E. coli

Climber

Archaebacteria

Diatom

Dead Sea salt pillar

Protozoa

Virus

Paramecium

HIV

one particular

Why research microbiology?

Watts e possess trillions of living microbes in our bodies

– indigenous or normal microflora

3% well-known microbes are disease-causing

(pathogens)

Essential for existence on world e. g oxygen

development, nutrients taking, food cycle,

Industrial make use of e. g. bioremediation (decompose

industrial waste), genetic executive (gene

transfer), food & beverage (bread, butter,

dairy products, beer, wine), antibiotics (penicillin,

tetracycline)

Microbiology

Different specialties within microbiology

Bacteriology

Virology

Mycology

Phycology

Parasitology

Immunology

Applied microbiology – apply knowledge of

microbiology to different aspects of society,

treatments & sector.

Medical microbiology

Clinical microbiology

History of Microbiology

Oldest fossils of microorganisms – several. 5 great years

aged (compared to animal 630 millions years

old)

Earliest infectious disease was recorded in

3180 M. C. in Egypt (disease was sometimes known

as pestilence)

Since bacteria cannot be viewed with

the naked eye, the development of

microbiology largely relies on the

progress microscopes

two

History of Microbiology

Major members

Robert Hooke - the first cell in cork

" Statement XVIII" of the

Observation

Micrographia by Hooke, 1665

Micrographia by Hooke

History of Microbiology

Major contributors

Robert Hooke - the first cellular in natural

Anton vehicle Leeuwenhoek -- the first living micro organism

" …. very little animalcules…. ”

by simply Leeuwonhoek in Cornelis

Boutesteyn, Leyden, 1685

Early observations under old fashioned

microscopes

" Observation XVIII" of the

Remark

Micrographia simply by Hooke, 1665

Micrographia by simply Hooke

" …. very little animalcules…. ”

by Leeuwonhoek in Cornelis

Boutesteyn, Leyden, 1685

a few

History of Microbiology

Major contributing factors

Robert Hooke - the first cellular in natural

Anton vehicle Leeuwenhoek - the initial living micro organism

Edward Jenner - the first vaccine, 1796

Paillette Pasteur

Pasteurization process

Disprove " Spontaneous Generation”

Bacteria Theory of Disease

Robert Koch

Bacteria Theory of Disease -- Koch's evidence

Pasteur Disproves " Natural Generation”

Spontaneous generation -- 400 W. C Ancient greek language myth shaped the basis on this notion which states that lifeless compound could give rise to living organisms

The swan-neck flask research

• fermentable juice was placed in a flask, heated and covered

sterile

What happened when:

1 . flask remained sealed?

installment payments on your the end with the neck was nipped away and dust was trapped in the neck?

a few. the flask was likely to allow the sterile water to contact the contaminated walls which liquid was then came back to the broth?

Germ Theory of Disease - John Pasteur, 1857

Wine and beer fermentation experiments

Grape juice

(naturally

contains

yeast)

Yeast murdered

by heating system

the drink

Cottom plug

prevents airborn

microbes, juice

fails to ferment

Yeast can be

added to

the drink

Juice is

fermented

in wine

Bacteria (germs) are capable of causing

substance change.

Could you think of some examples?

4

Great Microbiology

Main contributors

Robert Hooke -- the initially cell in cork

Anton van Leeuwenhoek - the first living microbe

Edward Jenner -- the initial vaccine

John Pasteur

Pasteurization process

Disprove " Natural Generation”

Bacteria Theory of Disease

Robert Koch

Germ Theory of Disease -- Koch's postulates

Koch's Postulates

The organism must...