Essay on Private Army Companies Mere War Profiteers or a Cost-Effective Alternative

Private Armed forces Companies Simple War Profiteers or a cost-effective alternative?

[…] " This war continues to be privatized much more than any other battle in history… forty mere cents of every dollar Congress handles goes to private contractors. ”1

In War for Sale: The War Profiteers Robert Greenwald shows how private companies have made millions of the War War performing duties that used to be performed by the federal government. In that same documentary, personal military companies are portrayed because greedy, profit-seeking organisations, that will do anything to optimize their earnings. If a firm is mainly concerned with revenue, might that they skim on the mission, may possibly they offer less costly services once possible? Relating to movie director Robert Greenwald the answer is certainly. In their switch the exclusive military firms and their supporters often declare that they are more nimble and cost-effective compared to the government (Isenberg 2009: 29), and therefore the correct person to perform the job. This paper will deal with 3 issues concerning private armed service companies in general and more particular in Korea. First, attention will be paid out to the causes and reasons of the American government to contract out many of their responsibilities to private army companies (PMCs) such as Halliburton, Kellogg Brownish & Basic (KBR) and Blackwater (which nowadays should go under the name Academi). Second, this kind of paper can address the challenges transparency as a community value confronts in the lumination of outsourced workers activities to PMCs. Finally attention will be paid for the question whether Greenwald is right in his declare that PMCs are actually War Profiteers who are only looking for revenue, or that contracting away military solutions is in fact a cost-effective alternative industry where the nationwide military with the US can be downsized.

American use of PMCs: military outsourced workers in Iraq This section will describe the motives with the American government to outsource a large part of its armed forces in the Iraq War. This kind of outsourcing is definitely the result of three issues (O'Keefe 2009: 1) a limited armed forces capacity to unilaterally invade and occupy Korea, sensitivity of public thoughts and opinions and the will need of particular technically experienced individuals.

Limited military capacity One of the causes for employing PMCs in Iraq is the fact that the American military capability is limited. 1 reason for this limited ability is the army downsizing pursuing the end from the Cold Battle (O'Keefe 2009: 3). In the aftermath in the fall in the Berlin Wall structure, nearly seven hundred. 000 American troops had been no longer needed to become unemployed. This kind of decline in troops reduced American functions (Ballard 2006: 5). To this point, Andre Bearpark, the the year 2003 Coalition Interino Authority's (CPA) direct of operation says, " the military simply hadn't offered enough numbers [for the Iraq War]. It had been stretched for the limit. ”(Bergner 2005: 32). This debate is also set forward inside the 1

Derived from the documented " War for Sale. The War Profiteers” (2006) described by Robert Greenwald

first minute of Iraq available: The War Profiteers, the place that the voice-over says that " there isn't enough military facilities [... ] and PMCs fill the gap”. Basically, the lowered capacity from the national armed forces provides the personal sector with all the opportunity to load the gap. PMCs might be filling a niche, but the make use of PMCs is also convenient intended for the US government, they allow – in this case the Bush operations – to mount a military campaign by looking towards private sector for support. PMCs can offer " surge capacity” to field extra forces with out delaying troop mobilization due to factors such as training (Avant 2009, 331). Major Joseph R. Perlak, a judge advocate together with the US Ocean Corps, stated in a 2k article inside the Military Law Review that privatized causes function as a great civilian technicians function as an " powerful force multiplier. ” This implies they are hired to provide companies that will cost-free a " trigger puller” to...

Recommendations: Avant, Deb. (2004). The Privatization of Security and alter in the Charge of Force. Foreign Studies Perspectives 5 (2), pp. 153-157 Avant, M. (2006). The Privatization of Security: Lessons from Iraq. Orbis, Vol. 50 (2), pp. 327-42 Avant, M. (2006). The Implications of Marketized To safeguard IR Theory: The Democratic Peace, Late State Building, and the Mother nature and Consistency of Issue. Perspectives about Politics, Vol. 4 (3), pp. 507-528 Bergner, M. (2005). The Other Military services. The New You are able to Times, 13 August 2006 Burge, 3rd there�s r. A. (2008). Effectiveness and Efficiencies and Private Military Companies. Naval Postgraduate School Thesis Committee in Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives (2007). BLACKWATER USA Hearing. Dramon Number 110-89 Cushman, T. H. (1993). 5 G. I. is Are Slain as Somalis Down two U. S i9000. Helicopters. The newest York Moments, 4 Oct 1993 Davis, J. Ur. (2002). Fortune's Warriors: Exclusive Armies plus the New World Purchase. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre Evans, S. S. (2006). There When you really need Them? Identifying Reliability in Army Contracting for Operation Iraqi Independence. U. S i9000. Army War College Technique Research Project Greenwald, R. (2006). Iraq available for sale: The Conflict Profiteers. A Documentary by Brave Fresh Films Haufler, V. (2004). International Diplomacy and the Privatization of Conflict Prevention. International Studies Viewpoints 5(2), pp. 158-163 Isenberg, D. (2009). Private Armed forces Contractors and U. S. Grand Strategy. Oslo: Foreign Peace Exploration Institute (PRIO) Keefe, L. R. (2004). Iraq: America's Private Soldires. The New York Review of Ebooks, Vol. 51(13), p twenty four Kinsey, C. (2006). Corporate Soldiers and International Security: The Rise of Private Armed forces Companies. Modern day Security Studies. London: Routledge Leander, A. (2005). The ability to Construct Worldwide Security: Around the Significance of Private Military Businesses. Millennium: Journal Of Foreign Studies, Volume. 33 (3), pp. 803-825 O'Keefe, Meters. S. (2009). Outsourcing Pressure: Examining of Private Military/Security Corporations. University of Ottowa: Graduate student School of Public and International Affairs. Scahill, M. (2007). Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army. New York: Nation Books